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Three of the 5 recovered within 72 hours, 1 within 1 month, and 1 had a visual blind spot that persisted at 1 month. This patient had a Rankin Score RS of 1 at 1 month.

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This was a retrospective chart review of patients rehospitalized within 30 days of LTC facility admission. Any patient over age 65 who was sent back to the hospital for any reason within 30 days of entering the LTC facility.

There were subjects rehospitalized during the Anaesthesist journal study period. The principal diagnoses at LTC admission were: For these subjects, the prevalence of low hydration at time of LTC facility admission was Low hydration appears to be an unrecognized clinical issue for older adults requiring LTC and hospital readmission.

Dehydration, long term care, rehospitalization. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services health system reform law created the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, aiming at reducing these readmissions 4. Low hydration in the frail elderly is a well-established phenomenon, especially for those who have recently had surgery, are hospitalized, or are living in LTC facilities Past studies have identified specific factors that are associated with low hydration in elders including decreased thirst, medications such as diureticsdysphagia, delirium, dementia, depression, sedation and diarrhea 12, Despite its prevalence, few studies have specifically examined the role of low hydration in the rehospitalization process of older adults A search of PubMed.

It has been established that a sizeable number of hospitalized patients are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition The literature has demonstrated that low levels of hydration are common among the elderly and have been associated with morbidity and mortality Poor hydration has also been shown to adversely affect mood and cognitive function 23, Some have gone as far as suggesting that the frail elderly receive prescriptions for drinking water Identifying an agreed upon set of parameters to define clinical dehydration has proven to be elusive.

The diagnosis of dehydration usually rests on assessment of patient history, physical examination and laboratory tests weighed together — similar to most clinical diagnostics.

Anaesthesist journal

As numerous manuscripts state, in various forms, no single laboratory value can accurately determine that a patient is dehydrated, however, Riccardi et al state that Blood Urea Nitrogen: Cr ratio is the most reliable parameter 27, While some studies agree that a BUN: Cr ratio of greater than or equal to 25 is a reliable indicator, others point out that patient history and physiological disease processes must be taken into account when assessing dehydration The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup, held in Germany from June 9 to July 9, , provided an opportunity to examine the relation between emotional stress and.

Metamizole or dipyrone, is a painkiller, spasm reliever and fever paracetamol, it has minimal anti-inflammatory effects.

Anaesthesist journal

It is most commonly given by mouth or by injection. Although it is still available over-the-counter in some countries, it is now either prescription or banned in most developed countries, due to its potential for adverse events, including agranulocytosis.

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Original Article from The New England Journal of Medicine — A Randomized Trial of Icatibant in ACE-Inhibitor–Induced Angioedema Kojda G, Stelter K. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. BioMed Research International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies covering a .

The use of nitrous oxide (N 2 O) in ear-nose-throat (ENT)-surgery is open to discussion. The aim of this overview is to highlight the main topics that are of particular concern to this subject.

The aim of this overview is to highlight the main topics that are of particular concern to this subject.

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