Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. The spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Hinduism and Buddhism exerted an enormous influence on the civilizations of Southeast Asia and contributed greatly to the development of a written tradition in that area. About the beginning of the Common Era, Indian merchants may have settled there, bringing Brahmans and Buddhist monks with them.
By the 13th century, Hindustan emerged as a popular alternative name of Indiameaning the "land of Hindus". These texts used it to distinguish Hindus from Muslims who are called Yavanas foreigners or Mlecchas barbarianswith the 16th-century Chaitanya Charitamrita text and the 17th-century Bhakta Mala text using the phrase "Hindu dharma".
The term Hinduism, then spelled Hindooism, was introduced into the English language in the 18th-century to denote the religious, philosophical, and cultural traditions native to India.
In India the term dharma is preferred, which is broader than the western term religion. The study of India and its cultures and religions, and the definition of "Hinduism", has been shaped by the interests of colonialism and by Western notions of religion.
Hindu denominations AUMa stylised letter of Devanagari script, used as a religious symbol in Hinduism Hinduism as it is commonly known can be subdivided into a number of major currents. Of the historical division into six darsanas philosophiestwo schools, Vedanta and Yogaare currently the most prominent.
McDaniel classifies Hinduism into six major kinds and numerous minor kinds, in order to understand expression of emotions among the Hindus. He classifies most Hindus as belonging by choice to one of the "founded religions" such as Vaishnavism and Shaivism that are salvation-focussed and often de-emphasize Brahman priestly authority yet incorporate ritual grammar of Brahmanic-Sanskritic Hinduism.
This stereotype followed and fit, states Inden, with the imperial imperatives of the era, providing the moral justification for the colonial project. The early reports set the tradition and scholarly premises for typology of Hinduism, as well as the major assumptions and flawed presuppositions that has been at the foundation of Indology.
Hinduism, according to Inden, has been neither what imperial religionists stereotyped it to be, nor is it appropriate to equate Hinduism to be merely monist pantheism and philosophical idealism of Advaita Vedanta. All aspects of a Hindu life, namely acquiring wealth arthafulfillment of desires kamaand attaining liberation moksha are part of dharma which encapsulates the "right way of living" and eternal harmonious principles in their fulfillment.
Sanatana dharma has become a synonym for the "eternal" truth and teachings of Hinduism, that transcend history and are "unchanging, indivisible and ultimately nonsectarian".
Hinduism, to them, is a tradition that can be traced at least to the ancient Vedic era. According to Klaus Klostermaier, the term Vaidika dharma is the earliest self-designation of Hinduism.
However, the late 1st-millennium CE Indic consensus had "indeed come to conceptualize a complex entity corresponding to Hinduism as opposed to Buddhism and Jainism excluding only certain forms of antinomian Shakta-Shaiva" from its fold. Some Kashmiri scholars rejected the esoteric tantric traditions to be a part of Vaidika dharma.
Many Hindus do not have a copy of the Vedas nor have they ever seen or personally read parts of a Veda, like a Christian might relate to the Bible or a Muslim might to the Quran.
Hindu reform movements Beginning in the 19th century, Indian modernists re-asserted Hinduism as a major asset of Indian civilisation,  meanwhile "purifying" Hinduism from its Tantric elements  and elevating the Vedic elements.
Western stereotypes were reversed, emphasizing the universal aspects, and introducing modern approaches of social problems. Some forms of religious expression are central to Hinduism and others, while not as central, still remain within the category. Hindu denominations Hinduism has been described as a tradition having a "complex, organic, multileveled and sometimes internally inconsistent nature".
It is a way of life and nothing more". By late 1st-millennium CE, the concept of a belief and tradition distinct from Buddhism and Jainism had emerged.Mar 17, · The history of Hinduism is unique among the world religions in that it has no founder or date of origin.
While most major religions derive from new ideas taught by a charismatic leader, Hinduism is simply the religion of the people of India, which has gradually developed . The civilizations of Southeast Asia developed forms of Hinduism and Buddhism that incorporated distinctive local features and in other respects reflected local cultures, but the framework of their religious life, Questions of influence on the Mediterranean world.
Hinduism is the major religion of India, and the vast majority of India's population today is Hindu; however, Hinduism has spread all over the world and is truly a "world" religion.
Almost one billion people (approx. million) practice Hinduism today.
Hinduism and its culture and traditions have a long history spanning a period of thousands and thousands of years and developed over several eras in the world. It is understood that human civilization started to advance since the Vedic age.
The Hindu . Hinduism has thus had a long and continuous evolution and in the process has influenced all other major world religions. India, which is, in a sense, representation of the Asiatic consciousness, has never been isolated from the Western continent in spite of geographical, linguistic, and racial barriers.
This "Global Hinduism" has a worldwide appeal, transcending national boundaries and, according to Flood, "becoming a world religion alongside Christianity, Islam and Buddhism", both for the Hindu diaspora communities and for westerners who are attracted to non-western cultures and religions.