How to write a literature review for a research article

Tips for writing your first scientific literature review article BY Emily Crawford Emily Crawford often retreated to her apartment rooftop in San Francisco to write her review. Photo courtesy of Matthew Perry. When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully created by veterans of this particular writing process. I found nothing of the sort, so I plowed ahead on my own, inventing techniques for myself.

How to write a literature review for a research article

Writing a literature review What is a literature review? A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources, or literature, on a particular topic.

QUT cite|write - Writing a literature review

It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation. At postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis.

An Article Review is a critical, constructive evaluation of literature in a particular field through summary, classification, analysis, and comparison. If it is a scientific review article, it uses database searches to portray the research. Key steps and resources for publishing research articles in Science areas. Learn about the structure and purpose of scientific literature reviews as you prepare to write your own. Skip to main content. University of Michigan Library If you need to write a review article but don't know where to start, keep some of these tips in mind. Writing a Critique or Review of a Research Article Revised September Starting a Review If you are asked to write a critique of a research article, you should focus on these issues. You will also need to consider where and when the article was published and who wrote it. This handout.

At undergraduate level literature reviews can be a separate stand alone assessment. The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one.

Why do we write literature reviews? At university you may be asked to write a literature review in order to demonstrate your understanding of the literature on a particular topic. You show your understanding by analysing and then synthesising the information to: What are you being asked to do in your literature review?

What are you searching the literature to discover? Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on.

This article is a part of the guide:

Do an extensive search of the literature Find out what has been written on the topic. What kind of literature? Select appropriate source material: Use a variety of academic or scholarly sources that are relevant, current and authoritative. An extensive review of relevant material will include — books, journal articles, reports, government documents, conference proceedings and web resources.

how to write a literature review for a research article

The Library would be the best place to search for your sources. The number of sources that you will be required to review will depend on what the literature review is for and how advanced you are in your studies.

It could be from five sources at first year undergraduate level to more than fifty for a thesis. Your lecturer will advise you on these details. These details will save you time later.

What is a literature review?

Read the literature Critically read each source, look for the arguments presented rather than for facts.Writing a Critique or Review of a Research Article Revised September Starting a Review If you are asked to write a critique of a research article, you should focus on these issues.

You will also need to consider where and when the article was published and who wrote it. This handout. A literature review can be a precursor to the introduction of a research paper, or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path.

IV. Write Your Literature Review. May 17, by Kathryn Betts Adams the theory and the literature that led you to your research questions and the current study.

how to write a literature review for a research article

Do not try to include every article you have access to, since that might be excessive for the type of journal you are targeting and for the limited pages you have to work with. When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully created by .

As part of their research program, many students are instructed to perform a literature review, without always understanding what a literature review is. This article is a part of the guide.

IV. Write Your Literature Review. May 17, by Kathryn Betts Adams the theory and the literature that led you to your research questions and the current study. Do not try to include every article you have access to, since that might be excessive for the type of journal you are targeting and for the limited pages you have to work with.

QUT cite|write - Writing a literature review