If the risk estimate does not take into account the number of individuals exposed, it is termed an "individual risk" and is in units of incidence rate per a time period. Quantitative risk assessment[ edit ] Further information: Quantitative Risk Assessment software In quantitative risk assessment an annualized loss expectancy ALE may be used to justify the cost of implementing countermeasures to protect an asset.
Early years[ edit ] Educational psychology is a fairly new and growing field of study. Though it can date back as early as the days of Plato and Aristotle, it was not identified as a specific practice.
It was unknown that everyday teaching and learning in which individuals had to think about individual differences, assessment, development, the nature of a subject being taught, problem solving, and transfer of learning was the beginning to the field of educational psychology.
These topics are important to education and as a result it is important to understanding human cognition, learning, and social perception.
Plato and Aristotle researched individual differences in the field of educationtraining of the body and the cultivation of psycho-motor skills, the formation of good character, the possibilities and limits of moral education.
Some other educational topics they spoke about were the effects of music, poetry, and the other arts on the development of individual, role of teacher, and the relations between teacher and student.
Such a statement has evolved into a continuing argument of nature vs. Aristotle observed the phenomenon of "association. His studies examined recall and facilitated learning processes.
Locke was called "Father of English Psychology". In this essay, he introduced the term "tabula rasa" meaning "blank slate. Locke believed the mind was formed by experiences, not innate ideas. Locke introduced this idea as "empiricism," or the understanding that knowledge is only built on knowledge and experience.
In the late s, John Locke advanced the hypothesis that people learn primarily from external forces. He believed that the mind was like a blank tablet tabula rasaand that successions of simple impressions give rise to complex ideas through association and reflection.
Locke is credited with establishing " empiricism " as a criterion for testing the validity of knowledge, thus providing a conceptual framework for later development of experimental methodology in the natural and social sciences. Juan Vives[ edit ] Juan Vives — proposed induction as the method of study and believed in the direct observation and investigation of the study of nature.
His studies focus of humanistic learningwhich opposed scholasticism and was influenced by a variety of sources including philosophypsychologypoliticsreligionand history. In this publication, Vives explores moral philosophy as a setting for his educational ideals; with this, he explains that the different parts of the soul similar to that of Aristotle's ideas are each responsible for different operations, which function distinctively.
The first book covers the different "souls": The second book involves functions of the rational soul: Lastly, the third book explains the analysis of emotions.A free online resource of thesis writing sample, dissertation proposal samples, thesis proposals help and online dissertations.
Volume 8, No. 1, Art. 30 – January Issues in Learning About and Teaching Qualitative Research Methods and Methodology in the Social Sciences. Franz Breuer & Margrit Schreier. Abstract: For many qualitative researchers in the social sciences, learning about and teaching qualitative research methods and methodology raises a number of questions.
Extracts from this document Introduction. Louise Riddell - SO - Social Research Methods and Study Skills RESIT REASSESSMENT COURSEWORK Discuss the difference between Quantitative and Qualitative research methods.
An introduction to research methods in Sociology covering quantitative, qualitative, primary and secondary data and defining the basic types of research method including social surveys, experiments, interviews, participant observation, ethnography and longitudinal studies.
Introduction to Sociology. Concerts, sports games, and political rallies can have very large crowds. When you attend one of these events, . Published: Mon, 5 Dec Qualitative and quantitative research designs are the two main methods used by social scientists today.
They are used with a variety of research methods and have been a common thread in case studies.