Term Papers Tagged With: Sociology 10 pages, words Class:
Marx's view of class originated from a series of personal interests relating to social alienation and human struggle, whereby the formation of class structure relates to acute historical consciousness.
Political-economics also contributed to Marx's theories, centering on the concept of "origin of income" where society is divided into three sub-groups: Rentier, Capitalist, and Worker. This construction is based on David Ricardo 's theory of capitalism.
Marx strengthened this with a discussion over verifiable class relationships. Marx sought to define class as embedded in productive relations rather than social status. His political and economic thought developed towards an interest in production as opposed to distribution, and this henceforth became a central theme in his concept of class.
Class structure[ edit ] Marx distinguishes one class from another on the basis of two criteria: From this, Marx states "Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other": Capitalists, or bourgeoisie, own the means of production and purchase the labor power of others II.
Workers, or proletariat, do not own any means of production or the ability to purchase the labor power of others. Rather, they sell their own labor power. Class is thus determined by property relations, not by income or status. These factors are determined by distribution and consumption, which mirror the production and power relations of classes.
A small, transitional class known as the petite bourgeoisie own sufficient means of production but do not purchase labor power.
The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones.
Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however, this distinctive feature: Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other: Class consciousness is an aspect of Marxist theory, referring to the self-awareness of social classes, the capacity to act in its own rational interests, or measuring the extent to which an individual is conscious of the historical tasks their class or class allegiance sets for them.
Moreover, by definition, the objective interests of classes are fundamentally in opposition; consequently, these opposing interests and consciousnesses eventually lead to class conflict.
Marx first saw the development of class conflict confined to individual factories and capitalists.
|Marxian class theory - Wikipedia||What are social determinants of health? Social determinants of health are economic and social conditions that influence the health of people and communities .|
However, given the maturation of capitalism, the life conditions of bourgeoisie and proletariat began to grow more disparate. This increased polarization and homogenization within classes fostered an environment for individual struggles to become more generalized. When increasing class conflict is manifested at the societal level, class consciousness and common interests are also increased.
Consequently, when class consciousness is augmented, policies are organized to ensure the duration of such interest for the ruling class.
Here begins the use of the struggle for political power and classes become political forces. Since the distribution of political power is determined by power over production, or power over capital, it is no surprise that the bourgeois class uses their wealth to legitimatize and protect their property and consequent social relations.
Thus the ruling class is those who hold the economic power and make the decisions Dahrendorf. Class structure of capitalism[ edit ] In Marxist theorythe capitalist stage of production consists of two main classes: This is the fundamental economic structure of work and property See also: Thus the proletariat, in itself, is forced into a subservient position by the power of capital, which has stripped the means of production from them.
As the proletariat becomes conscious of its situation and power, organizes itself, and takes collective political action it becomes a class for itself which has the revolutionary potential to become the ruling class.
Social class pertaining broadly to material wealth may be distinguished from status class based on honour, prestige, religious affiliation, and so on. The conditions of capitalism and its class system came together due to a variety of "elective affinities".
In the Marxist view of capitalismthis is a conflict between capitalists bourgeoisie and wage-workers the proletariat.
For Marxists, class antagonism is rooted in the situation that control over social production necessarily entails control over the class which produces goods—in capitalism this is the exploitation of workers by the bourgeoisie.
In a society with democratic control and production for usethere would be no class, no state and no need for money. That is, all people in one class make their living in a common way in terms of ownership of the things that produce social goods.
A class may own things, own land, own people, be owned, own nothing but their labor. A class will extract tax, produce agriculture, enslave and work others, be enslaved and work, or work for a wage.Medical social worker • The medical social worker is a paramedical worker who has been trained in social case work, and in the art of interviewing people.
• The medical social worker forms a link between the institution where he is employed and the community. Social class refers to a group of people with similar levels of wealth, influence, and status.
Sociologists typically use three methods to determine social class: The objective method measures and analyzes “hard” facts.; The subjective method asks people what they think of themselves.; The reputational method asks what people think of others.
In his analysis of class divisions, Karl Marx argued that social class is based entirely on wealth.
(2) Occupation: Occupation is an exceedingly important aspect of social class and as such it is another determinant of class status. Occupation has been viewed both negatively and positively as the major determinant of both social class and status.
Industrial societies are those driven by the use of technology to enable mass production, supporting a large population with a high capacity for division of labour. ‘Social class is still the main determinant of voting behaviour.’ We will write a custom essay sample on Social class is still the determinant of voting Voting Behaviour At UK Elections ; Occupation is the major determinant of both social class and status in industrial societies None of The Above Voting ; Effects of Public.
The essay “Class, Status, and Party” is part of Chapter IX “Political Communities” in Economy and Society. Preceding this essay are discussions of political .