Socrates expresses confidence in the existence of separate forms of justice, beauty, goodness, and every form of that sort, uncertainty about the existence of separate forms of humanity, fire, and water, and outright skepticism about the existence of separate forms for hair, mud, and dirt. It is unclear why Socrates finds himself in doubt about the existence of forms for natural kinds such as humans and water and stuffs or mixtures such as hair and mud. After all, Plato alludes to a form of bee at Meno 72b—c, a form of shuttle at Cratylus d, and forms of bed and of table at Republic b.
Yet strangely, much of modern physics remains "Parmenidean" in its treatment of spacetime and the mathematical "framing" of motion or change.
Parmenides asks where "change" or "the new" comes from. Presumably nothing can come out of "nothing," ex nihilo. How can something be contained in or deduced from Similarly, if there exists some "thing," how can some "other thing" come out of it?
You are, I believe, correct to assume that Parmenides means by "being" roughly existence or "is-ness. Where something "new" comes from seems completely unproblematic to most of us. But if you accept basic rules of noncontradiction or the excluded middle, etc. And "ponder" is the right word.
The problem then is explaining or defining flux, transformation, or "motion" of any sort. This is hardly as arcane or as settled a matter as some think. It is the whole career of modern science since Galileo.
It impinges on calculus and physics and measurement problems at many, many levels. And it is difficult because it is way, way too basic. We introduce "becoming" or "possibility" or "could" or "dialectic" or "Trinity" or some other acceptable covering term for the officially "excluded middle. When you say you have difficulty grasping this, welcome to the club.
Parmenides remains in our texts because he raised a question so fundamental it still perplexes modern physics, while also generating endless answers.Parmenides' Argument Parmenides was an ancient philosopher who developed the ideas of "The Way of Truth" and "The Way of Opinion." The thinker introduced his ideas through an epic poem in which he claims to have visited a goddess.
In fact, this is probably the best argument for thinking any Pythagorean influence upon Parmenides is likely in the first place, as the primary Pythagorean school was . The first stage of the Way of Truth seeks to establish Parmenides’s thesis that “it is, and it is not possible for it not to be.” Within that context the referent of ‘it’ is indeterminate: ‘it’ can pick out anything you like (witness premise 3 in the argument above).
The idea that Parmenides’ arguments so problematized the phenomenon of change as to make developing an adequate theoretical account of it the central preoccupation of subsequent Presocratic natural philosophers is a commonplace of modern historical narratives. Unfortunately, this notion has no real ancient authority.
A summary of Parmenides of Elea in 's Presocratics. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Presocratics and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
(Allen (, ) argues that Parmenides only provides a single argument here, one that most would identify as the second of two.) Parmenides' first argument appears to have the following structure. First, all thoughts have intentional objects: every thought is of something rather than nothing.