Log in or Sign up to track your course progress, gain access to final exams, and get a free certificate of completion! Unit 6 Study Guide and Review: International Politics The following study guide is meant to help you prepare for the final exam.
Introduction The Council of the European Union previously known as the 'Council of Ministers' is the most powerful of all the EU institutions in terms of day-to-day politics Warleigh-Lack, This institution is the ultimate legislator of the EU.
The tasks of the Council can be divided into the following EU website: Rights of initiative Supervisory powers over the Commission The right to appoint the members of the other institutions E.
Membership The membership of the Council changes according to the issue at hand, but always consists of ministers from the member governments Warleigh-Lack, Therefore, if the issue is regarding air pollution, for example, the Council will consist of national environment ministers and be referred to as the 'Environment Council'.
The GAC normally meets monthly, and has co-ordination function between the various sectoral councils. Therefore, it could be argued that this is the highest level at which the Council of the European Union meets. There are nine policy-specific Council of the European Union formations Gowland et al, General Affairs and External Relations 2.
Justice and Home Affairs 4. Competitiveness Internal Market, Industry and Research 6. Transport, Telecommunications and Energy 7. Agriculture and Fisheries 9.
Regulation - these are completely and generally binding, both regarding the substance of policy and the manner in which it is implemented. Decision - completely binding on a specific actor, or group but not capable of being generally applied.
Directive - Is binding regarding the policy outcome, but free regarding the manner in which the policy is implemented The Council can also adopt conclusions, declarations or resolutions.
When the Council acts as a legislator, in principle it is the European Commission that makes proposals. These are examined within the Council, which can make modifications before adopting them. The European Parliament is an active participant in this legislative process.
Proposals may be far-reaching or very specific. Decision-making is distinguished by the extraordinary information-gathering which takes place before a proposal even reaches the Council, and by its openness which can make disagreements between Ministers of member states too public.
It is partly to avoid public conflict that the IGCs are needed before the changes to the Treaties. Once a proposal is adopted by the Commissionit is then traditionally first considered by the Council in a tour de table.
All member states say their piece followed by a debate. Throughout the Council discussions, the commission and national experts are on hand to redraft proposals.
Council decisions are reached by a process of ongoing negotiation. The ECJ plays no direct part in the process. Its job is to rule on the fair and honest implementation of agreements once they are reached. The co-decision procedure shows how the EP has evolved and now has a greater role to play in decision-making.
The process also implies consensuality and interdependence, in the sense that neither the Council or the EP may adopt legislation without the others assent. Furthermore, the EP having a greater role means there is increased democratic legitimacy which arguably helps address the issue of democratic deficit due to the fact that MEPs are directly elected.
Ministers prefer to reach a consensus whenever they can in order to avoid a formal vote, but when a vote is a called they have three options.These monographic papers analyze ongoing developments within the European Union as well as recent trends which influence the EU’s relationship with the rest of the world.
The European Union is the result of an economic and political partnership between European countries. Originally devised at end of World War II, the EU consists of a number of different institutions that negotiate intergovernmental decisions in various areas, including law and economics.
The European Union (EU) is a unique political and economic partnership that currently consists of 28 member states (see the map in the Appendix).
1 Built through a series of binding treaties, the Union is the latest stage in a process of integration begun after World War II to promote peace. Intergovernmental versus Supranational. Historically, the Council of Ministers has been seen as a primarily intergovernmental institution.
The logic behind this thinking is that it was made up of the ministers representing Member States and defending their national interests, while trying to .
Beach D. () Leadership and Intergovernmental Negotiations in the European Union.
In: Egan M., Nugent N., Paterson W.E. (eds) Research Agendas in EU Studies. Palgrave Studies in European Union . The European Union is a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located mainly in Europe. The EU operates through a structure of supranational institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states.