Attraction details Recommended length of visit: More than 3 hours Owner description: On the initiative of the newly created Czechoslovak government, in the National Suffering Memorial was opened on the site of the suffering of tens of thousands; it was later on renamed the Terezin Memorial. The key mission of the Terezin Memorial, the only institution of its kind in the Czech Republic, is to commemorate the victims of the Nazi political and racial persecution during the occupation of the Czech lands in World War II, to promote museum, research and educational activities, and look after the memorial sites connected with the suffering and death of dozens of thousands of victims of violence.
Theresienstadt was used as a military base by Austria-Hungary and later by the First Czechoslovak Republic afterwhile the " Small Fortress " across the river was a prison. Although Leitmeritz was ceded to Germany, Theresienstadt remained in the Czechoslovak rump state until the German invasion of the Czech lands on 15 March At the Wannsee Conference on 20 JanuaryHeydrich announced that Theresienstadt would be used to house Jews over the age of 65 from the Reich, as well as those who had been severely wounded fighting for the Central Powers in World War I or won the Iron Cross 1st Class or a higher decoration during that war.
These Jews could not plausibly perform forced labor, and therefore Theresienstadt helped conceal the true nature of deportation to the East. Later, Theresienstadt also came to house "Prominent" Jews whose disappearance in an extermination camp could have drawn attention from abroad.
The members of the Aufbaukommando used creative methods in order to improve the infrastructure of the ghetto and prepare it to house an average of 40, people during its existence. The construction project was funded by stolen Jewish property.
The waterworks often broke down during the first months due to inadequate capacity; in order to improve the supply of potable water, wells were drilled and the pipe system overhauled so that everyone could wash daily.
Although the Germans provided the materials for these improvements, largely in order to reduce the chance of communicable disease spreading beyond the ghetto, Jewish engineers directed the projects.
It was the only transport whose destination was known to the deportees; other transports simply departed for "the East". The first transports targeted mostly able-bodied people. Due to the need to accommodate these Jews, the non-Jewish Czechs living in Theresienstadt were expelled, and the town was closed off by the end of June.
In order to alleviate overcrowding, 18, mostly elderly people were deported in nine transports in the fall of A small number of healthy young people were selected temporarily for forced labor. Himmler refused, due to the increasing need for Theresienstadt as an alibi to conceal information on the Holocaust reaching the Western Allies.
The children were held in strict isolation for six weeks before deportation to Auschwitz; none survived. Two days later, commandant Anton Burger ordered a census of the entire camp population, approximately 36, people at that time. All inmates regardless of age were required to stand outside in freezing weather from 7 am to 11 pm; people died on the field from exhaustion.
Five thousand prisoners, including Edelstein and the other arrested leaders, were sent to the family camp at Auschwitz on 15 and 18 December.
In February the SS embarked on a "beautification" German: Many "Prominent" prisoners and Danish Jews were re-housed in private, superior quarters. The streets were renamed and cleaned; sham shops and a school was set up; the SS encouraged the prisoners to perform an increasing number of cultural activities, which exceeded that of an ordinary town in peacetime.
Nobody thought of new transports. We felt forgotten and forsaken. Murmelstein became Jewish elder and retained the post until the end of the war.
The remains of 17, people were dumped in the Eger River and the remainder of the ashes were buried in pits near Leitmeritz. GallenSwitzerland, 11 February France, Switzerland, Czech Republic, England/Wales & Scotland.
The world's most visited historic, expensive and irresistibly beautiful countries on planet. The History of Terezin TEREZIN was a concentration camp 30 miles north of Prague in the Czech Republic during the World War II. It was originally a . A New York Times Bestseller "A sacred reminder of what so many millions suffered, and only a few survived." ―Adam Kirsch, New Republic In , Helga Weiss was a young Jewish schoolgirl in Prague.
Take in a poignant piece of World War II history on this 5-hour tour of Terezin Concentration Camp from Prague. Led by an expert guide, learn the history behind one of the largest camps in the Czech Republic and preserve the stories of the lives lost/5(). Take in a poignant piece of World War II history on this 5-hour tour of Terezin Concentration Camp from Prague.
Led by an expert guide, learn the history behind one of the largest camps in the Czech Republic and preserve the stories of the lives lost. See the complex as well as the Terezin Memorial, the only institution of its kind in the country/5().
All about Terezin Concentration Camp. History.
Terezin started life as a fortress town built from to to protect Bohemia from Prussian attacks. It was named by Emperor Joseph II after his mother, Empress Maria Theresa.