Thirteen Colonies Eastern North America in The border between the red and pink areas represents the "Proclamation line", while the orange area represents the Spanish claim.
Overview of the American Revolution Digital History ID Much more than a revolt against British taxes and trade regulations, the American Revolution was the first modern revolution. It marked the first time in history that a people fought for their independence in the name of certain universal principles such as rule of law, constitutional rights, and popular sovereignty.
This section examines the causes, fighting, and consequences of the American Revolution. You will read about the problems created by the Seven Years' War, and British efforts to suppress American smuggling, to prevent warfare with Indians, and to pay the cost of stationing troops in the colonies.
You will also read about the emerging patterns of resistance in the colonies, including petitions, pamphlets, intimidation, boycotts, and intercolonial meetings.
You will also learn about the series of events, including the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, and the Coercive Acts, that ruptured relations between Britain and its American colonies. In addition, you will learn why many colonists hesitated before declaring independence and how the Declaration of Independence summarized colonial grievances and provided a vision of a future independent American republic.
This chapter will discuss the composition of the British and American military forces; the Revolution's implications for the institution of slavery; and the role of the French, Spanish, Dutch, and Native Americans in the colonists' struggle for independence.
Finally, you will learn why the Americans emerged victorious in the Revolution. The Causes of the Revolution The roots of the American Revolution can be traced to the year when British leaders began to tighten imperial reins. Once harmonious relations between Britain and the colonies became increasingly conflict-riven.
The most serious problem was the need for money to support the empire. Attempts through the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend Acts to raise money rather than control trade met with growing resistance in the colonies.
Tensions increased further after Parliament passed the Coercive Acts and the First Continental Congress took the first steps toward independence from Britain. Before the colonies gained independence, they had to fight a long and bitter war.
The Revolutionary War The British had many advantages in the war, including a large, well-trained army and navy and many Loyalists who supported the British Empire. Excellent leadership by George Washington; the aid of such European nations as France; and tactical errors by British commanders contributed to the American victory.
British strategy called for crushing the rebellion in the North. Several times the British nearly defeated the Continental Army. But victories at Trenton and Princeton, N. Infighting shifted to the South. Britain succeeded in capturing Georgia and Charleston, S.
But bands of patriots harassed loyalists and disrupted supply lines, and Britain failed to achieve control over the southern countryside before advancing northward to Yorktown, Va. Inan American and French force defeated the British at Yorktown in the war's last major battle.
About 7, Americans died in battle during the Revolution.
Another 10, died from disease or exposure and about 8, died in British prisons. A quarter of the slaves in South Carolina and Georgia escaped from bondage during the Revolution.
The Northern states outlawed slavery or adopted gradual emancipation plans. The states adopted written constitutions that guaranteed religious freedom, increased the legislature's size and powers, made taxation more progressive, and reformed inheritance laws.The War Begins In , British soldiers in Massachusetts were ordered to disarm the American rebels and to arrest their leaders.
The Revolutionary War began on April 19, when fighting broke out between the two sides at the Battles of Lexington and Concord. June-July, - A massive British war fleet arrives in New York Harbor consisting of 30 battleships with cannon, 30, soldiers, 10, sailors, and supply ships, under the command of General William Howe and his brother Admiral Lord Richard Howe.
Some of the most common roles for women in the Revolutionary War were cooks, maids, laundresses, water bearers and seamstresses for the army. This was the first time women held these jobs in the military since these positions were usually reserved for male soldiers. The social effect of multitudes of new denominations was not, however, a fracturing of communities, but a unifying drive which helped to create a “national consciousness”.
The effect of Great Awakening unity was an attitude that went against the deferential thinking that consumed English politics and religion. The violence took the form of the Revolutionary War and Congress became the leadership. American Revolution was the first anti-colonial, democratic revolution in history.
Americans insisted on representation and when the British denied it, . American Revolutionary War () The war was the culmination of the political American Revolution, whereby the colonists overthrew British rule. In , Revolutionaries seized control of each of the thirteen colonial governments, set up the Second Continental Congress, and formed a Continental Army.